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Detail Report of Ongoing Schemes under Rural Water Supply Programme 


PHED takes up Rural Water Supply Projects for providing drinking water supply facilities in Rural Areas of the state. Providing safe drinking water supply is included under 20 point program & the targets are fixed for coverage of habitations. Projects are taken up for Not covered (NC), Partially Covered (PC) & Iron affected habitations as per 1994 survey as well as for Renovation /Reconstruction of schemes which have been implemented more than 15 years back, for improvement of existing facilities as well as sustainability of drinking water sources.

Rural Water Supply Programme is taken up under two programmes namely:-

  • Central Sector Accelerated Rural Water Supply Program (ARWSP)

  • State Sector Rural Water Supply Programme/ Prime Ministerís Gramadoya Yojana (PMGY). Earlier it was named as Minimum Needs Programme (PMGY).


  1. Accelerated rural water Supply Program (ARWSP)

Under this program, Schemes are taken up for coverage of Not Covered (NC), Partially Covered (PC) habitations with the yearly release of fund. This is funded 100% by Govt. of India. Water supply to Rural Schools & ICDS centres can also be taken up under the Program with 50:50 sharing by Central & State Govt.15% of the allocation under ARWSP is allowed to be utilized for providing safe water supply to habitations having quality problem (excess iron in drinking water) under Submission Program.5% of the allocation is allowed to be utilized for projects for sustainability of sources.

For providing safe drinking water in quality affected habitations (for tackling excess iron in drinking water in the State), projects are taken up under Submission Programme funded on 75:25 basis by Central & State Govt. Prior to 1.4.98 projects were approved by Govt. of India directly & for these central share are released directly by them. Since 1.4.98 power has been delegated to the state for sanction of these submission projects. The central share for these post 1.4.98 schemes are met from normal release under Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme (ARWSP).Up to 15% of the ARWSP fund can be utilized for submission projects, as indicated in the foregoing.

Power has been delegated to the State for sanctioning schemes under ARWSP. These schemes are sanctioned by State Water Supply & Sanitation Mission (SWSM) headed by the Chief Secretary from 2003-04 onwards. Earlier schemes were used to be sanctioned by State Level Advisory Board (SLAB) headed by the Chief Secretary, after clearance of the proposals by Scientific Source Finding Committee (SFC) at the State Level headed by the Commissioner & Secretary (PHE) with the Officer in charge of Central Ground water Board (CGWB) as Member Secretary.

  1. State Sector Rural Water Supply Programme/ Prime Ministerís Gramadoya Yojana (PMGY).

The projects for NC, PC, Iron affected habitations are also required to be taken up under State Sector Rural Water Supply Program (PMGY) also, as providing safe drinking water supply is included under 20 point program & the targets are fixed for coverage of habitations. More over, since projects can be taken up under ARWSP only for restricted parameter as above & the availability of fund under ARWSP is also limited, the projects for Renovation/Improvement of existing schemes are required to be taken up under State Sector only. Moreover, to avail the benefit under ARWSP, matching State share is required to be provided by the State Govt.

During past years, several water supply schemes were required to be taken up in different villages to mitigate the inadequacy of safe drinking water due to disproportionate increase in population .Besides in view of the large scale deforestation all around before the ban imposed by the honourable Supreme Court through landmark judgement, man made damage has been caused to the nature resulting in reduction of discharge of many water sources & even total drying up of some of the water sources. The cascade effect of destruction of forest covering necessitated taking up number of reconstruction/renovation schemes. There are also many water supply schemes implemented earlier, which has become non functional/partially functional due to theft, damage by wild elephants, inter village rivalry. Habitations have turned from Fully Covered (FC) to Partially Covered (PC) or even Not Covered (NC) category. New habitations have also come up. Schemes are taken up for this. The burden on the State Plan for projects under Rural Drinking water Supply Program is therefore quite high. The Availability of fund under State plan varies from year to year. The availability during 2004-05 was Rs.31.00 Crore. For 2005-06, the allocation has been tentatively fixed at Rs.31.20 Crore.

Bharat Nirman Programme:- 

The Bharat Nirman Programme is a step taken towards building up a strong Rural India by strengthening the infrastructure in six areas, with the help of a plan to be implemented in four years, from 2005-06 to 2008-09.  Providing adequate safe water supply to rural habitations is one of the components under Bharat Nirman Programme. The focus under Bharat Nirman Programme is 

          To cover all the remaining NC/PC habitations as per CAP 1999(Based on earlier survey 1991) 

          To cover NC/PC habitations (Slipped back & newly identified category habitations) as per new survey. 

          To cover balance quality affected habitations 

          To cover balance LP Schools by 2006-07. 


  • Supplementing with new schemes for the habitations served by outlived schemes.  
  • Rejuvenation of the outlived schemes which are functioning below their rated capacity.  
  • Providing the regional schemes from alternative safe sources by extending new pipelines.  
  • Providing rainwater-harvesting structures.  
  • Reviving the traditional sources.  
  • Utilizing low cost technology for mitigation of quality affected habitations.  
  • Providing water supply from alternate sources for coverage of habitations with no safe source.  

Sustainability of Rural Water Supply sources

  • For Sustainability of Systems, Department has undertaken extensive exercise for institutionalization of community participation in O&M of rural drinking water infrastructure.  
  • Low-cost technologies are being promoted not only for meeting drinking water requirements, but also for re-charging of the water table.  
  • Source strengthening measures proposed to be made an integral part of all Rural Water Supply schemes.  
  • Convergence of efforts of all Departments in watershed development and management would go a long way in meeting the drinking water needs.  

Policy and Implementation Measures

  • Intensive interaction with States for firming up the Action Plan for Bharat Nirman.  
  • Collecting Locational details, technology options and, fund requirement from States.  
  • Sorting out administrative and technical problems in poorly performing States on a case-to-case basis e.g. in sanction of schemes, in procurement machinery and equipment.  
  • Commitment of States for providing matching or higher State share for coverage of NC / PC / quality affected habitations.  
  • Focused funding for tackling water quality problems, particularly those relating to Arsenic / Fluoride / Salinity.  
  • Identifying and preparing standardized low-cost technologies for tackling water quality problems.  
  • Involvement of scientific institutions.  
  • Sustainability measures such as involvement of PRIs / VWSCs in Operation and Maintenance of assets created in the past. In addition, some contribution towards capital cost of new assets to be created for generating sense of ownership among local community.  
  • Need for a system of incentives for PRIs / VWSCs for ensuring village level O&M of assets.  
  • Capacity building of PRIs / VWSCs.  
  • Sustainability of sources by creating re-charging structures and regulating over-exploitation of underground water.  
  • Compilation and circulation of best practices in the Drinking Water Sector.  
  • Strengthening of the Technical Wing of the Department of Drinking Water Supply for better planning and monitoring of quality affected and inaccessible habitations.  


  • Regular monitoring, concurrent evaluation / social audit of Bharat Nirman Drinking Water Schemes by lead NGOs / academic and research institutions, reputed social workers, professional experts.  
  • Obtaining monthly reports regarding the implementation of the schemes from the District officers/State Governments.  
  • Taking feedback regarding implementation of the schemes from District Vigilance and Monitoring Committees which include elected representatives.  
  • Involving community and local institutions in water quality monitoring and surveillance.  
  • Monitoring by State/District/Village Water and Sanitation Committees.  
  • Creation of awareness and publicity of the schemes through mass media.  
  • The Department / State / District website to contain information of habitations to be covered as per the Action Plan and the up-to-date progress.  
  • Display of information of details and progress of the project in the Panchayat Ghars.  

[This information has been taken from http://ddws.gov.in website]


The Types of Water Supply Schemes Implemented by the dept. are:

  1. Ring Well

  2. Spring Tapped Chamber

  3. Deep Tube Well (DTW) with India marked-II Hand Pump

  4. D.T.W. with Power Pump

  5. Gravity Feed Water Supply Scheme

  6. Pumping Schemes with Diesel or Electricity from river or stream source

The schemes are implemented giving preference in the above-mentioned order to make it economically viable.

The sanctioned projects are priority projects and hence executions of all the sanctioned projects were taken up immediately after sanction. However, with the limited State Plan Resources, it is not possible to provide sufficient fund for completion of all the schemes.



During the year 2003-04, the Honíble Prime Minister of India launched a program (1) for installation of One Lakh hand pumps in water scarce Rural areas (2) Providing water supply in One Lakh primary schools in rural areas (3) Revival of one Lakh traditional sources of drinking water supply throughout the country. 90% cost is borne by Govt. of India & balance 10% by beneficiary. However, in case of SC/ST dominated habitations/schools, the beneficiary contribution is 5%. Schemes were taken up for providing Hand Pumps in water scarcity area, providing drinking water supply to schools & for revival of traditional sources of drinking water. Few Schemes taken up during 2003-04& 2004-05 remained incomplete as on 1.4.05, which will be completed during 2005-06. No new schemes under the programme will be taken up under the Programme, as per the policy of Govt. of India.



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